Numbers and Spoken Forms
Unimacro and Vocola
Cooperation with voicecoder
Unit testing
Grammar classes
Global dictation

ini files

A lot of configuration is done through configuration files, here called ini files.

A ini file can be edited in many programs e.g. notepad, textpad, win32pad (like notepad, but with line numbers), emacs etc. In many situations there is a Unimacro command with which the appropriate ini file is opened automatically (in program associated with the extension .ini).

Inifiles have sections (between square brackets), and each section has key value combinations, separated by "=". Whitespace around values is ignored (stripped).

A sample:

key = action
second key = another action

[section two]
key = action of section two


These are defined in a file actions.ini. A lot of grammars and commands use so-called meta actions, which can have different behaviours in different windows.

See pages on actions. The actions.ini file can be opened by the command (from the grammar control) edit actions. All the active actions for a program/windowtitle can be shown by the command show actions.

Numbers and other Spoken Forms

Starting with release 4.0 spoken forms for numbers are put in xxx_spokenforms.ini. xxx being the language code of your speech profile. See Numbers and Spoken Forms.

Samples are (hopefully) to be found in the sample_ini directory of Unimacro. Call edit spoken forms for opening this file. Also see Numbers and Spoken Forms for more programming instructions and examples.

  • Alternative values may be separated by a ,, ; or a |.

At the moment only some sections are really used, especially for numbers spoken forms:

  • [numbers]: keys are numbers, values are the spoken forms. At least the numbers 0 to 99 should be filled, and also 100, 1000. If in doubt, see the English example. Note in some functions only the first alternative will be taken if the lists are getting too long.
  • [prefixes]: synonyms for hundred and thousand. Also a possible synonym for dot in file or url extensions.

Other spoken forms lists

  • [alphabet]: keys are the letters, values the spoken forms. At startup possible alternatives will be taken, they have to be valid dictation words, for better recognition. Tf in doubt the alternatives with or without capitalization will be checked. If no valid alternatives are found for a spoken form, the spoken form will nevertheless be accepted. Used in eg the grammar
  • [abbrevs]: possibility to define abbreviations, which will be used when making spoken forms for file names or folder names (_folders grammar). Keys are the abbreviations, values are the spoken forms. If capitalized letters are taken, the . is added or removed depending on the NatSpeak/Dragon version. (up to NatSpeak 10, the . is compulsory, starting with Dragon 11 they are forbidden.)
  • [extensions]: file extensions, without the . (dot).
  • [punctuationreverse]: This section is (July 2015) used for getting a list of non character symbols in spoken forms, which are here on the left side of the =. So the other way around as all the other lists. Used in the grammar

Configuration of grammars

All grammars that derive from the class IniGrammar can use the ini file mechanism. Parameters can be set and inspected.

For example: edit folders gives the inifile for the grammar _folders. The values can be edited and are automatically read into the grammar. With show folders information on the lists that are active in the grammar (plus the grammar definition) are showing on your screen (through a temporary .txt file)

Sample ini files

In a folder sample_ini default ini files for different tasks (actions.ini, configuration files of grammars) are kept and copied for a user if needed. See also notes in the installation pages.